Warning Signs of Eye Trouble
Blurry vision, spots, glare at night -- these are common eye complaints. Each could be a harmless annoyance or an early sign of disease. It isn’t always easy to tell the difference. Visit Laser Vision Centre promptly if you notice any changes in your vision.
Floaters and Specks
Do you see blurry spots or specks that move? They’re probably floaters -- debris in your eye's vitreous gel. They don't block vision and are easier to see in bright light. Floaters are common and usually harmless. See a doctor at Laser Vision Centre right away if:
They show up or multiply suddenly
You also see flashes of light
You see white or black spots all the time
You notice a sudden shadow or loss of side vision
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
When you’re a child, if one eye doesn’t see well, your brain may favor the other. This condition, called ambylopia, can happen if your eyes aren’t aligned right (strabismus or crossed eyes) or one eye just doesn’t work as well. The doctor will prescribe a patch or drops that blur vision in the "good" eye. That prod your brain to use the other eye. If amblyopia isn’t treated during childhood, it can cause permanent vision loss.
Object in the Eye
Because so many nerve endings lie just beneath the surface or your cornea, even a tiny speck can be painful. Don't rub your eye, or you could cause serious damage. Wash it it with lukewarm water. If it object doesn’t move, call a doctor. He can remove it and give you antibiotic drops to prevent an infection.
Tears and Dry Eye
Tears keep your eyes moist. Somtimes you don’t have enough, either from dry air, aging, or other health conditions. Your eyes can get painful and irritated. Eye drops labeled artificial tears may do the trick for a mild case. If it’s a bigger problem, you may benefit from other treatments, medications or nutritional supplements
This inflammation results from a virus, bacteria, irritant, or allergy. Your eye will get red, and itch or burn. You’ll also notice a gunky discharge. If your eye itches an allergic is probably to blame. The type you catch from other people is usually viral, so you won’t need antibiotics. If your pinkeye is caused by bacteria, the doctor will give you antibiotic eye drops. Pinkeye can be very contagious, so wash your hands often while you wait for it to clear up.
This painful red bump looks like a pimple on or near the edge of your eyelid. It’s a type of infection of the eyelids (the doctor will call it blepharitis). Styes usually heal in a week. You can speed things up by putting a a warm, wet compress on it 3 to 6 times a day. Don’t wear contacts or eye makeup until it heals.
They can cause itchy, watery eyes. Pollen, grass, dust, weeds, and pet dander are common triggers. An allergy doctor can tell you what’s to blame for yours. Keep your windows shut at home and in your car. You can get special pillow and mattresses covers to keep allergens out. Clean your house thoroughly and use allergen filters in your furnace and air conditioner. Allergy eye drops, artificial tears, and antihistamines may help.
Keep Up With Your Eye Exams
You need regular checkups all through your life, especially if eye problems run in your family or if you have other risk factors. An eye exam can also find other problems, like diabetes and high blood pressure, or even a stroke or brain tumor. Bulging eyes can signal thyroid disease. A yellow tint in the whites of your eyes might be sign of liver problems.
Prevent Sun Damage
UV rays can harm your eyes. Exposure can cause you to get cataracts 8-10 years earlier than normal. Just one long session in the sun can cause very painful irritation of your corneas. So wear a hat and sunglasses that block UV rays. You can add a clear, protective UV-blocking film to your car’s side windows, too. If you have light-colored eyes you may be more sensitive to light. If it suddenly starts to bother you more than usual, call your eye doctor.
Stay Safe at Home
Grease splatters from a pan, yard debris flies up from the lawn mower, cleaning solution splashes in a bucket. Some of the greatest eye hazards are in the home. Eye doctors suggest everyone keep a pair of protective eyewear at home. Look for one approved by the us at Laser Vision Centre. Even if an eye injury seems minor, go to the emergency room right away to get it checked out.
"What Eye Problems Look Like" originally appeared on WebMD.com